The steppe agama is widespread both on dense soils of a plateau, and in sand of decreases. Takyrny and mesh kruglogolovka choose clay, quite often takyrovidny or shchebnisty sites for the settlement, and big-eared and sandy live only in sand.
Hilly sand are fixed or poluzakreplena by various psammofita and a saxaul. On saline soils various galofita are widespread. Kenderlisor's surface created in the conditions of a close bedding of ground waters represents salty oozy dirt with constantly fenny surface.
There are also more ancient monuments. On Ustyurt about 60 neolytic parking are known. Especially there are a lot of them on western and southwest chinka - around Manat and vicinities of a hollow Karynzharyk. There are they and in the territory of the reserve.
As the reserve is located in a transitional strip between northern and southern subbands of the desert, the fauna its mixed and a basis it is composed by types, characteristic for a northern subband, it is less than southern types. The fauna of the reserve is studied extremely not enough, but as it is typical for the region, idea of it can be received at the characteristic of fauna of Ustyurt.
The monotonous plain of a plateau is diversified by ostepnenny valleys, takyra, ostantsovy hillocks about bozyngenam and the various karst phenomena. The vegetable cover of ostepnenny valleys, very flat and superficial, is presented generally wormwood by associations with cereals, first of all kovylyam; in places steppe bushes and a raznotravya meet.
Among lizards of Ustyurt - 5 species of geckoes, 6 types agamovy (including 5 kruglogolovka) and 6 types a yashchurok. Geckoes are characteristic for suburbs of a plateau with the dismembered relief where sand are developed. Sandy massifs occupy 2 psammophils - stsinkovy and grebnepaly geckoes, on calcareous and clay breaks of chinok and gray, Caspian and squeaky gekkonchik settle in heaps of stones.
One of the most interesting animals of the reserve - the Ustyurtsky mouflon, or the Turkmen ram. Need of preservation of this rare animal became one of the main incentive reasons of the organization of the reserve here. This small (the mountain ram, harmonous, tonkonogy, with a magnificent black-and-white subweight is twice less, occupies only desert nizkogorye of Zakaspiya, generally Ustyurt and Mangyshlak.
In ravines of the western chink thickets of a tamariks and the mesophilic vegetation accompanying them meet participation of cereals, a reed and orach (and on sandy sites - a white wormwood, an euphorbia, kury). At springs the reed quite often forms dense thickets above human growth.
Spring fast, transient. Frosts stop in the first of April. Hot dry weather comes in the second half of May. Moisture reserves in the soil sharply fall, and the grassy vegetation starts burning out. Constant water currents are not present. Available temporary the Po River to type of food treat the snow. The hollow Kenderlisor has no constant superficial drain, and the strong evaporability does not favor to moisture preservation.
Eolovy forms of a relief, clay flat spaces, extensive dry hollows, dry courses of ancient and modern temporary water currents are widespread here. On a surface in decreases are widely developed quarternary, and on a plateau - tertiary and cretaceous deposits, mainly sea. Cretaceous deposits are opened in exposures - breaks of chinok.
The main habitats of a mouflon - a chinka of the Western Ustyurt. The most favorable place for dwelling of mouflons there is a site of the western chink of Ustyurt around a hollow Karynzharyk where the main livestock of these animals keeps now.
Natatorial, excepting some sandpipers and a tea, at the coast of the Caspian Sea and on the gulf Kochak stop temporarily, on flight, some of them are late thus in the spring and in the fall for long time - about one month and more (a flamingo, swans, ducks, herons).
Ostantsovy hillocks with plaster soils - bozyngenam - are also characteristic mainly for the southern half of a plateau. Their surface with places entirely is covered by the multi-colored lichens which gave the name "bozyngen" which in translation from Kazakh is meant by "a light colt". For bozyngen also bushes and semi-bushes - solyanka Khivan,, and others are characteristic.